A visit to the steam room for many is not just a wellness procedure, but a whole solemn ritual. From a personal bath will not refuse any one of her fans. What kind of stove to choose for a bath in a particular case, to determine the most suitable option, consider below.
Stoves for baths vary depending on the fuel used: wood, gas, electricity. This factor affects the performance, design, use of the furnace.
Time-tested classic, popular today. Experts and fans-bath attendants consider such models as the best for the Russian bath and for the sauna.
Traditional heater on the wood includes a firebox, a tank for heating water, a compartment for stones. A simple but rational design is complemented by cheap fuel: any woodworking waste (firewood, shavings, briquetted sawdust). In addition, the effect of the furnace does not depend on the availability of electricity. Another plus is the special atmosphere from the presence of a live fire and the long maintenance of a given temperature.
Cons: the cost of laying the tunnel, the need for regular cleaning of the chimney, the lack of control of the process from the inside, increased fire risk.
Kamenka is the best stove for a Russian bath. Heat accumulate smooth, different in size cobblestones. It is known that a heated or even heated stone remains so for a long time.
Kamenka are open or closed. There are advantages and disadvantages to both.
- Open backed stove. The air in the steam room heats up from hot stones to 250 ° C, heating and cooling take place quickly, maintenance is easy, and fuel can be any. It is chosen for personal baths, designed for a small number of visitors and infrequent use.
- Stoves of the closed type are suitable for a bath that is used intensively, with a large number of people. They are more powerful, so they are installed in solid brick buildings, not wooden ones. Their design eliminates the burn, heats the stones better, but the heating takes more time.
In the baths using conventional or elongated furnace. A stove with a firebox of standard construction is melted from the room to be heated.
The elongated design makes it possible to bookmark fuel from an adjacent room: a waiting room or a rest room. Such models for a bath on firewood are fireproof, eliminate the pollution of the steam room and the risk for visitors to accidentally burn themselves. But it requires the cost of laying the tunnel.
The stones together with the stove heat the bath, so you need to consciously select them. First of all, they must be completely intact, smooth, without chipping, pores, cracks. Such flaws can break a stone poured over with water, the fragments of which can injure visitors. It is better to take small round specimens with a diameter of five to seven centimeters, because this way the air circulates more easily between them. Talkohlorite, jadeite, black basalt, raspberry quartzite, diabase will do.
The correct solution to the question of how to choose a stove for a bath implies that its capacity corresponds to the volume of the room. The power is indicated in the instructions for the device, and the volume is calculated by multiplying the length by the width and height. Next, calculate the area of windows and doors (by multiplying the length by the height). Each square meter received is plus one cubic meter to the total volume of the room.
What is attractive metal furnace?
The material is cast iron, steel or their alloy. Furnaces for a bath from cast iron strong, reliable, quickly heat up. Steel analogs of walls are thinner, not so heat-resistant, therefore significant temperatures can melt them. Self-respecting companies offer stainless steel products with an admixture of chromium.
Fans of the traditional model of the furnace, which is heated by firewood, a lot. They are interested in how to choose a wood stove for a bath correctly. This is easy to do, taking into account several basic criteria:
- steam room dimensions;
- steam quality;
- furnace tunnel.
In the bath, "light steam" is necessary, that is, not too overheated air (85 ° C is optimal for the steam room). To get it, water is poured on stones heated to 500 ° C. At the same time in the steam room will be 100-120 ° C, sometimes more. But an attempt to disperse steam will only lead to tangible burns: the body and the respiratory tract will suffer.
The problem is solved by units with a steam generator - a container made of metal mounted on the side of the firebox. They heat up faster than stones, so you can heat up the stones to the desired level. Then the water falling on them will give the "right" steam, healing and safe, and the room warms up faster. Even the owners of small private baths should get such a useful thing.
The difference between a Russian stove and a sauna is that there is no thick steam in the sauna, because at high temperatures, water does not flow onto the stones. It is suitable for regions with a humid cold climate. To understand how to choose the right stove for this type of bath, one should take into account that only the so-called “dry steam” is used in the sauna, that is, air with a humidity of not more than 20 percent, and the temperature reaches 150 ° C.
The ideal stove in the sauna is the steam room, in which at least 45 ° C at the floor level and 80 ° C at the ceiling; about 100 ° C on the top shelf is desirable. An elongated firebox and an open heater are suitable for the sauna.
It is possible to choose the furnace for a sauna from a brick or metal.
Making a stove-heater on the wood alone is not so difficult. The simplest option is an iron barrel. The bottom and the cover are cut off, after which a part of the space is laid with bricks laid on the edge. The grate grate is fastened on them, and the remaining space is filled with stones. The chimney is installed and covered with a lid. Kamenka is ready.
How not to make a mistake when choosing a stove?
The market is full of offers for every taste, request, budget. It is not surprising that it is difficult for an inexperienced person to understand all this abundance.