In the modern interior is actively developing direction on the use of natural materials. The ceiling of the boards allows not only to perfectly stylize the room under the retro-style, but also fills the housing with concrete with the comfort of a warm wooden house. There are different ways to install such a ceiling, which can be used as processed lumber, and unedged board. How to hem the ceiling board, will be discussed below.
The pros and cons of a wooden ceiling
The ceiling of wooden planks has its positive qualities and disadvantages.
Disadvantages of wooden ceilings:
- If in a house or non-residential premises where a ceiling of such a structure is installed, the air humidity exceeds the norm, then material deformation is possible.
- High-quality lumber is much more expensive than synthetic finishing materials, therefore, with a large surface area, a ceiling lining will cost a lump sum.
- Sudden temperature changes can also cause deformation of the ceiling board.
- Low fire safety.
The advantages of the ceiling of wood:
- It has excellent sound and thermal insulation.
- You can install it yourself.
- It has high strength.
- It has an attractive appearance.
- Environmental Safety.
- Aesthetic look.
There are much more positive qualities than disadvantages that can be successfully dealt with by treating the material with special compounds that protect natural wood from destruction and deformation.
One of the most common materials that are used for ceiling lining is lining boards. The ceiling of this material has a high aesthetic performance, and the cost of lumber will be significantly lower in comparison with the floorboard.
Installation of the board-lining is carried out in several stages:
- Preparation of the base.
- Ceiling marking.
- Frame installation.
- Fastening lining.
Each stage must be performed in accordance with the technical requirements for the installation of wooden coating.
If the wooden ceiling of the edging board is installed on a concrete base, then thoroughly clean the surface before proceeding with the installation work. If there is an old finish, it must be dismantled, and if there are cracks on the surface of the base - to putty the ceiling.
The surface leveled and cleared of dirt and dust is necessarily treated with antiseptic compounds. This treatment helps prevent the damage of wood by various bacteria and fungi.
Proper marking of the ceiling surface allows you to make the ceiling perfectly smooth. The marking is carried out with the help of a building level and a coloring paint cord, which is installed in ideally even parallel lines at a distance of up to 10 cm from the concrete floor.
Ceiling clapboard trim is carried out using metal or wooden profiles, which are installed along the marking lines. The optimum distance between the profiles for the ceiling finish of the board is 30 cm. Such an arrangement of the frame completely eliminates sagging of the finishing material. Fastening to the base by using dowels or screws.
Regardless of the level of humidity in the room, it is recommended to use a galvanized metal profile, and when installing wooden support structures, the material must be treated with antiseptics.
Wooden ceiling in the bath
Not every home artist knows how to make a ceiling in a wood bath, so before you go to buy material for this purpose, you should study this section in detail.
For the organization of the ceiling in a room with high humidity is not recommended to use softwood. Such a board, when heated, emits a large amount of aromatic resins that can spontaneously ignite under certain conditions. The ability of a tree to change the volume when wetted should also be considered when covering the ceiling with boards.
The tree is much more exposed to decay at high humidity, so when the ceiling board in the bath is selected, it must be properly processed and installed.
In the bath can be installed ceiling of unedged boards. In this case, the financial costs for the purchase of material will be significantly reduced, but the consumption of antiseptic, which will be used to apply on the untreated wooden surface will be significantly increased due to the greater roughness of such material. If you use planed boards, you can also significantly reduce costs. You can plan wood trim yourself, for this purpose you can use special machines or use the "grinder".
Typically, such double waterproofing is used to protect the insulation, which is placed in the ceiling sheathing, but when insulating the attic with bulk materials, one layer is enough, which is placed under the ceiling. To insulate the ceiling, you can use the old-fashioned way. In ancient times, a mixture of clay and straw was used for thermal insulation of the ceiling in a bath.
When the ceiling insulation is completed, the boards are attached to the batten with finish nails. If lining is used as a material for the bathing ceiling, the mounting is carried out in the manner described above.
For installation of attic wooden ceiling using lining is most preferable. Given the complex geometry of the room, the use of this material can significantly reduce labor costs. In the attic it is necessary to make high-quality insulation and waterproofing.