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Brick oven - the heart of the house (22 photos)

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The Russian stove could not be forced out either by stone stoves or gas boilers, or by any other appliances for space heating that engineers invented. This is because a brick stove for a house has a number of important advantages, because of which many people make a choice in favor of it.


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What good brick oven?

Many opt for a brick stove because it:

  • "breathes";
  • saves money;
  • fits into any interior;
  • you can do it yourself.

If you want to breathe useful air, choose a brick oven for the house. Their principal advantage is that they, unlike stone ones, “breathe”. The brick has a porous structure, so when heated, microscopic drops of water stand out from the pores, and the air becomes moist. When the furnace cools down, the brick, on the contrary, takes this moisture, the air becomes drier, so there is no dampness in the room. If the stove for the house is made correctly, then in the summer the room will be cool, and in the winter it will be warm and dry - the ideal microclimate for health.


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Savings also in the fact that such a furnace can be stoked and inexpensive fuel - secondary raw materials. Perfect for its kindling wooden pallets, which many throw away. Thanks to several pallets left over from brick or paving, even the smallest stoves will be able to maintain a comfortable temperature in the room.

Due to the huge popularity of brick stoves, the profession of a stove-maker remains in demand. However, if you want to save money, you can try to fold the oven yourself. The task is not the easiest, but if you understand the principles of the furnace and find high-quality literature on how to make a furnace, then with a competent approach to the matter, you will be able to do it yourself.

If you want your house to have a stove, first of all, decide on what you need it for. Depending on the destination, there are different types of stoves for the home:

  • heating;
  • heating and cooking;
  • cooking;
  • narrowly focused.

Heating stoves are also called Dutch or "Dutch". They are installed indoors as an additional or sole source of heat. If you make a brick furnace for heating, then do not make a mistake with the size. The stove must be proportional to the size of the room. If you make it too big, the room will be hot and stuffy, and a small brick stove, on the contrary, will not heat a large room.


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The brick furnace for the dacha most often combines two functions: heating and cooking. If a country house has a small area, and you do not live in it all winter, and you are on weekends, such a furnace will be quite enough for heating, and you will not have to install a boiler and batteries. It is the heating and cooking can be called the famous Russian stoves, which for centuries our ancestors used. This type still includes "Swedes", as well as a more modern version - a brick stove with burners and an oven, with a closing metal gate. In winter, such a stove will spread heat throughout the house.

But in the summer, cooking on such a stove or cooking jam will be very problematic: it won't just be hot in the kitchen, you can't be in it, so if gas and electricity are too expensive, detached summer kitchens are often built in summer houses and in private houses. which have brick ovens. In a strong heat they cook there, and then the whole house does not warm up.


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Narrow-directional furnaces, as a rule, have features depending on the purpose. Brick furnace for a bathhouse, for a greenhouse, for a garage - each of them has its own shape, size and is located in a strictly defined place. Cooking stoves are both universal and specialized. For example, they can be for cooking barbecue, kebab or strictly for cooking in a cauldron. Such cooking stoves are installed most often in the courtyard and are used to prepare specific dishes. This stove should be installed rather in the event that you have a little gas or electric stove, which is available in the house, and you want to treat the guests with food cooked in a brick oven.

Types of stoves

Over the long history, engineers in Russia and Europe have developed a variety of brick furnace projects. Some were less successful, but many have taken root and remain in demand today.
Furnaces come in different forms. Most Popular:

  • round;
  • rectangular;
  • corner;
  • T-shaped;
  • square.


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The choice of form largely depends on the individual preferences of the customer, the size of the room and interior features. When designing a furnace, you need to pay attention to another important indicator - the thickness of the walls. In this case, they are:

  • combined;
  • thick-walled;
  • thin-walled.

If the stove is needed exclusively for heating the house, then it must have thick walls. Of course, it will take longer to kindle it, but then it will maintain the optimum temperature in the room for almost a day. Thick-walled and combined stoves are suitable for a country house without heating. And if you need to bake more as a decorative element, then it may have thin walls.

Placing a brick oven in the house

Choosing a place for a stove in the house should be thoughtful. It should be in the house so that the heat spread through the house evenly, and the oven warmed up all the rooms. That is, it turns out that about the stove should be in the middle of the house. If you make a mistake with the place, you will have to install another stove in the house or arrange heating for a house with a water circuit.

When placing a heating and cooking stove in the kitchen, keep in mind that the adjacent room will also warm up well. If the area is large, you will have to put the oven in the far room. If you do not want to spend time on it, you should choose a universal option - brick stoves with a heating boiler that are suitable for any home. Such stoves are not only heated by themselves, they also heat the water that moves through the batteries and enters the faucet in the bathroom and kitchen. This is convenient if it is not possible to conduct gas or install an electric heater, but on the other hand, you have to spend a lot of time and money to buy coal or wood for such stoves.

Often stoves are set for decorative purposes. In this case, the designers recommend to buy a fireplace stove to give or a country house. Thanks to the special design, you can enjoy the view of a quietly burning flame in winter. By the way, the installation of such a furnace is more expedient than the installation of a conventional fireplace. The fact is that fireplaces do not keep the heat as well as the stove does. When the fireplace is burning, it is very comfortable to be in the room, but if it goes out, the air in the room cools instantly. But the stove, even after attenuation, keeps the heat warm for several more hours.

For a large-area holiday home, it is generally advisable to choose a project to combine a stove and fireplace. It is very convenient and functional. For example, in the kitchen to make a stove, and through the wall in the bedroom or hall to place a fireplace. They will be able to work independently of each other, but the entire chimney system will be shared. If you want to build several stoves in the house, then you will have to make separate stove chimneys for each of them. They are not so difficult to do if they are initially planned in the project of a house under construction. Tme who makes at least one oven in an already built house takes a lot of time and effort. It is in these cases that it is best to combine it with a fireplace in order to immediately kill two birds with one stone.

Sometimes it is not enough to lay out a brick oven. To fit into the interior, it needs to be decorated stylishly. The easiest and most common way - painting. Not everyone knows how to paint a brick oven and how to choose this paint, but in fact the same coating is suitable for a furnace as for ordinary walls. If you want the stove to be like in Russian fairy tales, you can whitewash it with lime or chalk. These finishing materials allow the brick to “breathe” better, and they also emphasize its texture. Furnaces for giving cover it with chalk or lime. These are relatively cheap materials. And as it gets dirty, it won't cost you anything to whitewash the brick kiln again.

Heating stoves are recommended to cover with oil or enamel paint. It is believed that a brick covered in this way radiates heat more actively. Moreover, the darker the paint, the stronger the furnace warms the room, but choose for wood brick ovens need paints that are not afraid of heating and do not smell when the temperature rises and do not emit toxic substances. No need to paint the oven with paints on aluminum or linseed oil. Use pentaphthalic, nitro and other synthetic products. High heat resistance is a mandatory requirement for the paint coating of any furnace on brick wood.

Brick bath stoves are usually not decorated. Even if you choose a quality paint or whitewash, from constant contact with water and high humidity, it will quickly change color. Yes, and then beautiful stoves, carefully laid out, do not always require additional decor, so wood stoves for the bath are usually additionally sewn with new red brick, which is no longer covered. Also, garden ovens: either covered with whitewash, or the brick is not painted at all.

If you decide to make a brick oven with your own hands, keep in mind that a small oven, no more than 700 bricks, can be easily put directly on the floor. But for a more massive construction will need to do the foundation. To make the furnace economically use fuel, several layers of roofing material are laid between it and the foundation. Then the brick will not absorb excess moisture, and, therefore, it will be better to keep it warm, it will not degrade for longer.

You need to make the furnace yourself only if you are completely confident in your abilities and have thoroughly studied all the design features. An improperly designed stove can cause a fire or carbon monoxide poisoning.

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