The balcony is not always the place to store old and unnecessary things. Sometimes this room becomes a full-fledged living area and part of the room to which it adjoins. With such a plan to finish the balcony should be approached very responsibly.
One of the most important stages of repair is the ceiling on the balcony. This is where difficulties arise when choosing a material for insulation and high-quality finishing coating. To decide which way you like it, it is worth considering all possible options and sort out their pros and cons.
Step by step instructions repair work
Every master knows that the balcony is a suspended structure, so when deciding how to sheathe the ceiling on the balcony, it is necessary to calculate the expected load. To perform high-quality and durable finish it is necessary to carry out preparatory activities.
Waterproofing the ceiling of the balcony from the inside is necessary to protect the wall and ceiling coverings from moisture, which is inevitable during the rainy season and the melting of snow. Water penetrating through the gaps will damage the surface, regardless of the material. If this is not prevented, all your efforts and funds invested in repairs will be wasted.
Warming of the ceiling of the loggia can be skipped if the balcony is warmed from above, or you do not plan to use this room as part of the living room. Otherwise, it is impossible to do without these works, therefore, when choosing a heat-insulating material, consider its characteristics:
- Low weight;
- Low hydroscopicity;
- Noise absorption level.
Referring to these indicators when deciding how to insulate the ceiling on the loggia, it is advisable to give preference to polystyrene foam, foam plastic, polystyrene foam, penofol or mineral wool.
Insulation of the ceiling on the balcony will require the installation of a batten, which can be made of metal or wood. Before laying the heat insulator plate must be covered with a waterproofing film. When choosing foam as a heater, you can do without the frame, but further fixing the finish should be thought out in advance.
Considering that when repairing a balcony, it is necessary to minimize the load on the structure, some materials are categorically inappropriate for these works. To the end result pleased you for many years, when choosing finishes, consider the following indicators:
- Mass and thickness. The installation of the finish provides for its attachment to thermal insulation, which leads to an increase in the load on the floors and a decrease in the height of the room. It is worth remembering this before decorating the ceiling on the balcony with certain material.
- Fire and sanitary safety. The material must not be flammable or contain harmful chemicals. Ecological cleanliness of decoration is especially important if the balcony is connected to the living room, or is planned to be used as a winter garden. With constant exposure, chemicals can cause significant harm to human health and plants.
- Ability to absorb extraneous sounds. Concrete perfectly passes all the noises that are heard from the street or neighboring apartments. To avoid such inconveniences, it is worth a responsible approach to additional noise insulation.
Taking into account all the required qualities imposed on the finishing material, it is worthwhile to dwell on those options that optimally meet all the requirements. Unfortunately, they are not very many, but still you can choose from what to make your ceiling.
In the construction market there is a huge range of plasterboard of good quality, which differ in size and manufacturers. However, this material suggests a topcoat paint or putty.
Plates with a thickness of 9.5 mm, a length of 200-250 cm and a width of 120 cm are optimal for the ceiling. Installation of plasterboard implies the presence of a metal profile, therefore, the heat insulator must have an interframe mounting method.
Drywall is different in terms of its moisture resistance, flexibility and fire resistance. Flexible slabs are the thinnest, so are ideal for premises with a small height. The material has good sound insulation, but because of the weight requires careful calculation of the expected load.
Lining or slats made of wood
Lining or slatted ceiling on the balcony has one indisputable advantage - environmental friendliness. That is, it is absolutely safe for residents even if there are young children in the family.
However, to avoid trouble in the form of rotting and insects, it is worthwhile to take care of waterproofing in advance and treat the wooden material with a special protective solution. And then finishing the balcony with clapboard will add coziness and comfort, make it much warmer.
Suspended ceilings are especially popular in office buildings or non-residential premises. However, due to the color scheme and method of attachment, they can also be used to finish the ceiling in the apartment.
Choosing this type of finish, do not forget that the plates have a fixed size, so it is advisable to use them on wide balconies. It must be remembered that the suspended ceiling on the balcony will make the room much lower.
However, there are significant advantages: in this ceiling, you can hide all the wiring, because there is a crate, they are excellent sound insulators, and in case of damage to any section, its replacement will not be a problem.
Polystyrene plates are lightweight and easy to install. The material is not susceptible to moisture, non-flammable, and due to the small thickness can be cut. You will be able to adjust the plates to any corners and bends of the surface, so the installation of the ceiling will not be very difficult. A huge range of colors and textures will allow you to choose the most advantageous option for your interior, and the ratio of price and quality makes it indispensable for budget repairs on the balcony.
Metal is used infrequently for finishing living rooms, but for the ceiling on the balcony it is quite acceptable. Metal slats have a long operational life, and aluminum or steel is easily affected, which will allow you to create very intricate shapes. Such a ceiling will not allow leakage of moisture, and will not suffer due to temperature changes. However, the price of this material is not at all small, and the final weight of the structure must be carefully calculated. Therefore, before you make the ceiling, think carefully about everything.