Wood products and structures, the outer material and lining as well as cement and plasterboard screeds need surface treatment. Hard putty on wood is necessary for smoothing, leveling the upper layer, as well as hiding the flaws and roughness of the wooden base. Surface treatment for painting is a process consisting of many nuances, ranging from material preparation to finishing puttying, so before choosing a putty it is important to study the maximum amount of information, evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of types, methods and stages of work.
Putty: concepts and types
The putty is a building mixture, the main purpose of which is the alignment and smoothing of the upper layers for painting. The finished wooden product, before commissioning, needs all types of processing, due to the porous structure of the material. At the same time, under mechanical stress, after a certain service life, cracks and holes are formed on the surface, which also need to be treated, including waterproof putty. Depending on the surface and methods of applying putty divided into several types.
Such putties contain in their composition toxic and potent components, so today this method of processing is almost never used. However, thanks to him, other safer and more modern types of putty were invented.
The main component of the composition is completely environmentally friendly, odorless and can be used for interior work. Putty is very easy to apply, but it dries for a long time. Due to its universal properties, this treatment is suitable for eliminating defects in wooden surfaces and even for grouting joints. The waterproof coating is resistant to temperature shocks.
Choosing a putty: basic principles
Before buying processing materials it is useful to know the important points that will allow not only to choose a high-quality putty, but also to save money and time during work:
- Environmental friendliness. The composition of the mixture should be harmless, not to distribute toxic effects and caustic odors. Before applying, it is better to test the putty on a small area, especially with regard to the treatment of internal surfaces.
- High adhesion. The property of the material to connect with the surface. The better the putty with a putty, the smoother the treated layer will look. This property is best possessed by epoxy and latex putties.
- Plastic. It facilitates the easy distribution of the composition of the tree with a spatula, without requiring additional action for alignment.
- Texture. The dry mix should consist of small grains. Solution from it will turn out more uniform, and the processed surface more smooth.
The use of putty in the interior: the preparation of the tool, the basic steps
Before work on puttying, it is necessary to prepare the material, as well as to have a suitable set of tools for applying and carrying out additional manipulations.
- Putty knife;
- Set of brushes;
From additional materials it is recommended to have sandpaper for pre-leveling and smoothing the wood material.
Before applying the putty, you need to carefully examine the surface for the presence of cracks, irregularities and seams. If such parts are on work surfaces, it is necessary to fill them with a putty, then level the layer with emery paper, and then process the material completely. Deep pits, joints on the wooden floor and parquet close up with several layers of the mixture, 3-4 mm thick. If you need to putty is not new, but a secondary product, for a start, remove the colored paintwork with special solvents.
The uneven surface of the tree may have knots and other large hooks that need to be removed using a stamestki, and the depth of the cutout filled with putty. For a better connection of the top layer and the putty, a primer is applied to the surface, with identical main components, for example, oil or acrylic.
Putty wood for interior work is applied with a finishing layer on the work surface only after all the preparatory procedures.
- Bred and stirred composition until smooth;
- Initial treatment of the seam, joints, cracks;
- Complete drying of the surface after each applied layer;
- Repeat the spackling procedure until the layer reaches 1.5 cm.
Having done all of the above steps, the wood is treated with a primer and painted. To preserve the naturalness of the material, at the final stage they do not use paint, but choose latex or polymer putty. The composition of these mixtures allows you to achieve a color palette of different shades, you just need to read the label indicating most often the color of the tree, such as oak
Wood putty for floor
Flooring performs a large number of functions, ranging from aesthetic, to strength, so the surface needs to be constantly updated, including painting.
The advantages of using a putty for floors are obvious: it makes the surface moisture-proof, protects against dampness and mold, eliminates external defects, is necessary for sealing cracks.
It is recommended to putty putty at a room temperature not higher than 25 ° С and humidity about 50%. If cracks have formed in the parquet, they are sealed with waterproof putty, for example, based on oil or polymer components.
Putty wood on their own hands
Homemade putty - a mixture of the mixture, which really make at home. The process is quite time-consuming, but if you are not afraid of a multicomponent composition, then it is quite possible to make a putty on wood with your own hand. Materials:
- Oil turpentine;
- Linseed oil;
- Ground pumice;
The oils are mixed with pumice stone and brought to a boil in a water bath, then the other components are added and the homemade mass is stirred until homogeneous. The question of how to make a putty is one of the easiest for an experienced carpenter, but there is nothing difficult for a beginner either. The use of such homemade material should be immediate, since its shelf life is short and the composition dries quickly.
This putty will be a good basis for painting small areas of the interior, for sealing minor damage to the surface, as well as for processing wooden products. The best options for parquet and floors are acrylic and polymeric compounds.